Degree Requirements

Degree Requirements - PDF Version

The graduate program in Hydrologic Sciences is a unique interdisciplinary program designed to broaden the skills and knowledge of the natural science or engineering student interested in the occurrence, distribution, circulation and properties of water on earth. Because of its ubiquity and importance to physical, chemical and biological processes, Hydrologic Science interfaces with the geologic, atmospheric and oceanic sciences, as well as, engineering and other applied physical sciences. Subject matter in the Hydrologic Sciences includes the material listed in the box below. Basic to the Hydrologic Sciences program is a core curriculum of courses shown on page 3. The program has three degree options at the M.S. and Ph.D. levels. These include Hydrology, Hydrobiology, and Hydrogeochemistry. Within each option, students may elect to specialize in particular defined areas under the direction of the Graduate Advisor or develop their own program from the suggested course list for the option. For example, a well-defined Subsurface Hydrology specialization is possible in the Hydrology option.

Hydrologic Sciences

A. Fluid Dynamics

  • geophysical fluid mechanics
  • dynamic meteorology

B. Hydrologic Phenomena

  • hydrology
  • geomorphology
  • boundary layer meteorology

C. Hydrogeochemistry

  • physical chemistry
  • aqueous geochemistry
  • chemistry of the hydrosphere

D. Hydrobiology

  • aquatic biology
  • plant-water relations
  • geomicrobiology

E. Hydrologic Techniques

  • numerical methods
  • geophysical techniques
  • remote sensing
  • site characterization
  • stochastic processes

F. Hydrologic Policy

  • resource economics
  • water law and institutions
  • water resources management

Students entering the program should have a strong undergraduate background in the sciences or engineering which includes calculus, physics with calculus, chemistry, and computer sciences. Depending on the degree option selected, additional coursework in differential equations, applied statistics, biology, chemistry and geology may be recommended or required. [note: HSGG presently requires all of these courses of all students per the preparatory course listing provided below]. Students admitted to the program who are lacking some of the preparatory coursework can rectify these deficiencies during the first year of study under direction of the Graduate Advisor.

All students participating in the program are required to have coursework in fluid mechanics, hydrology, hydrogeochemistry and hydrologic policy prior to graduation. In addition, each student is required to complete HYS 200, an interdisciplinary seminar series considering various hydrologic phenomena from the perspective of scientists, engineers and water resource managers and HYS 290, a student seminar class. Shortly after commencing their studies, students should select a three-member faculty advisory committee, in consultation with the Graduate Advisor, to assist them in developing their program of study. Students electing to develop their own program of study within an option should prepare their program under consultation with their Faculty Advisor, the Graduate Advisor and Chair of the Group.

The following pages list the general requirements for students to complete the M.S. or Ph.D. degrees. These are followed by the preparatory and introductory course requirements for the different degree options. Finally, coursework applicable to each of the options and their specializations are listed.

M.S. REQUIREMENTS (Plan I)

  1. In consultation with the Graduate Advisor, the student will select a three-person advisory committee that includes the student's Faculty Advisor.
  2. The student will work with the members of the advisory committee to develop a course of study that satisfies the introductory core curriculum and a minimum of 32 units of upper division and graduate level coursework. The course of study must include at least 14 graduate units exclusive of research (299) units. The course of study is then submitted before the end of the second quarter in residence to the Group Chair for approval.
  3. The student will submit a thesis to be approved by a three-member thesis committee appointed by the Group Chair. The thesis will consist of a comprehensive report on the work that a student has performed on a specific research problem. An applied or professionally-oriented thesis topic is acceptable.
  4. In addition to the written thesis, each student must present a public seminar on the campus of the contents and results of the research.

M.S. REQUIREMENTS - Non-Theses Option

The non-thesis option is designed for students planning to terminate their graduate studies at the M.S. level. Students planning to pursue the Ph.D. are advised to take the M.S. thesis option (Plan I).

  1. In consultation with the Graduate advisor, the student will select a three-member advisory committee that includes the student's Faculty Advisor.
  2. The student will work with the members of the committee to develop a course of study which satisfies the introductory core curriculum and a minimum of 38 units of upper division and graduate level coursework. The course of study must include at least 18 graduate units exclusive of research (299) units. The course of study is then submitted before the end of the second quarter in residence to the Group Chair for approval.
  3. The student will prepare a project paper that demonstrates application of his specialization, to be approved by the student's Faculty Advisor, the Graduate Advisor, and Group Chair.
  4. In addition to the project paper, the student must pass a comprehensive oral examination administered by a fourmember faculty committee appointed by the Graduate Advisor.

Ph.D. REQUIREMENTS

  1. In consultation with the Graduate Advisor, the student will select a three-person advisory committee that includes the student's Faculty Advisor.
  2. The student will work with the members of the committee to develop a course of study that is submitted before the end of the first year of residence to the Group Chair for approval.
  3. Before the end of the seventh quarter of residence as a Ph.D. student, the student will submit a formal research proposal. The proposal should demonstrate the student's understanding of the significance and methodology of the proposed projects and his or her preparation to undertake the research. The proposal must be approved by each member of the student's advisory committee.
  4. After approval of the research proposal but before the end of the eighth quarter in residence, the student must take the Qualifying Examination administered by a four-member committee [note: Graduate Studies' policy trumps these 1992 requirements; a five-member exam committee is required] appointed by the Graduate Advisor. The Examination will include a brief presentation of the planned dissertation research. The student may be questioned on his research proposal, research in progress in Hydrologic Science, and any relevant coursework.
  5. The student will submit a dissertation for approval by a three-member thesis committee appointed by the Group Chair. The dissertation must represent an original contribution to fundamental knowledge in the Hydrologic Sciences. In addition to the written dissertation, each student must present a public seminar on the campus of the content and results of the research.

PREPARATORY COURSEWORK

Mathematics/statistics:
Calculus (MAT 21A, B, & C)
Differential equations (MAT 22B)
Statistics (STA 130A & B or ECI 114)
Computer programming (ENG 5 or ASM 21)

Physics/Chemistry:
General physics (PHY 9A, B, & C)
General chemistry (CHE 2A, B, & C)

Geology:
Physical geology (GEL 50/50L),

*Students entering the Hydrobiology and the Hydrogeochemistry should have additional preparatory coursework in Biology (BIS lA, B & C) and Organic Chemistry (CHE 8A & B). Physical Chemistry (CHE 107A & B for M.S. and CHE llO A, B & C for Ph.D. students) is strongly recommended for students in the Hydrogeochemistry option. Zoology (ZOO 112), Microbiology (MIC 102) and Biochemistry (BCP lOlA) are strongly recommended for students in the Hydrobiology option.

[Note: it is hoped that students will build on these courses during their advanced studies, but depending on the area of concentration some students may choose to focus on building in some directions and not others.  Therefore, some of these preparatory courses may not directly be used in a student's specific education, but they are still deemed important to a well-rounded literacy in science and hydrology.]

REQUIRED INTRODUCTORY CORE COURSEWORK FOR ALL OPTIONS*

SubjectSelect one or the Courses listed for each subjectUnits
Fluid Dynamics ENG 103A, WSC 142, ECI 141, ATM 200 3
Hydrology WSC 141, WSC 149A, ECI 142, ECI 144 3
Hydrogeochemistry** SSC 102, WSC 180, GEL 115, HYS 1xx  
Hydrobiology** WSC 104, WSC 122, SSC 111, EST 151 3
Hydrologic Policy WSC 150, AGE 147, GEO 162 EST 161 3
Seminars HYS 200 and HYS 290 (both required) 3

*With the exception of HYS 200 and 290, similar coursework taken previously during undergraduate or graduate study may be substituted for equivalent courses in the above requirements.
**Students must select one course from either the Hydrogeochemistry or Hydrobiology subject matter area. Coursework in only one of these subjects is required.

INTRODUCTORY CORE COURSE TITLES

Fluid Dynamics

ENG 103A Elementary Fluid Mechanics
WSC 142 Hydraulics
ECI 141 Engineering Hydraulics
ATM 200 Atmospheric Processes

Hydrology

WSC 141 Hydrology
WSC 149A Groundwater Hydrology
ECI 142 Engineering Hydrology
ECI 144 Groundwater Systems Design

Hydrogeochemistry

WSC 180 Chemistry of the Hydrosphere
SSC 102 Soil and Water Chemistry
GEL 115 Geochemistry
HYS 1xx Aqueous Geochemistry

Hydrobiology

WSC 104 Plant-Water-Soil Relationships
WSC 122 Biology of Running Waters
SSC 111 Geomicrobiology
EST 151 Limnology

Hydrologic Policy

WSC 150 Water Law and Water Institutions
AGE 147 Natural Resource Economics
GEO 162 Geography of Water Resources
EST 161 Environmental Law

Seminars

HYS 200 Seminar Survey of Hydrologic Sciences
HYS 290 Research Seminar (Student and Faculty Presentations)

 

HYDROBIOLOGY OPTION

This option considers the study of surface water and groundwater as related to their support of biological organisms, including the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of these waters. This option is appropriate for students desiring to study aquatic biology, surface water quality, biological remediation of water pollution, soil-plant-water relationships, wetlands restoration, and ecotoxicology.

List of Available Courses

WSC 100 - Principles of Hydrologic Science
WSC 103 - Water Quality, Salt Control and Reclamation
WSC 122L - Biology of Running Waters
WSC 201 - Advanced Plant-Water Relations
WSC 202 - Evapotranspiration
WSC 217 - Hydrochemical Models
WSC 222 - The Biology of Streams

BOT 117 - Plant Ecology
BOT 118  - Phycology
BOT 150 - Biology and Management of Freshwater Macrophytes

ECI 240 - Water Quality
ECL 203 - Physiological Ecology of Animals

ENT 116 - Biology of Aquatic Insects

EST 100 - General Ecology
EST 123 - Introduction to Field and Laboratory Methods in Ecology
EST 129 - Physiological Ecology
EST 129L - Physiological Ecology Laboratory
EST 150A - Physical and Chemical Oceanography
EST 150B - Geological Oceanography
EST 150C - Biological Oceanography
EST 151L  - Limnology Laboratory
EST 165 - Science, Experts and Public Policy

ETX 101 - Principles of Environmental Toxicology
ETX 112A - Toxicants in the Environment
ETX 112B - Toxicants in the Environment
ETX203 - Environmental Toxicants
ETX220 - Analysis of Toxicants
ETX220L - Analysis of Toxicants Laboratory
ETX240 - Ecotoxicology

SSC 208 - Soil-Plant Interrelationships
SSC 211 - Advanced Soil Microbiology

WFB 120 Biology of Fish
WFB 120L - Biology of Fish Laboratory
WFB 153 - Wildlife Ecotoxicology

Z00 202 - Biomathematics

 

HYDROLOGY OPTION

This general option considers the study of the occurrence, distribution, processes affecting the movement of and management of water resources on the planet. Due to the breadth of subject material covered in this option, four specializations, or subsets of subject matter have been defined. These include Surface Hydrology, Subsurface Hydrology (Hydrogeology, Groundwater Hydrology), and two water management specializations, Water Resources Management and Irrigation and Drainage Systems. Courses for each of these four specializations are listed on the following pages.

Surface Hydrology Specialization

This specialization of Hydrology considers the study of water and pollutant transport in the lower atmosphere, over the earth's surface and through near surface soils. Possible coursework covers the physics, chemistry and some biological aspects of surface waters and their interaction with subsurface waters.

List of Available Courses (not including core courses listed on page 3)

WSC 100 - Principles of Hydrologic Science
WSC 103 - Water Quality, Salt Control and Reclamation
WSC 104 - Plant-Water-Soil Relationships
WSC 122 - Biology of Running Waters
WSC 149B & 149L -  Groundwater Hydrology
WSC 200 - Hydrologic Modeling in the Vadose Zone
WSC 202 - Hydrologic Modeling in the Vadose Zone
WSC 206 - Water Resources Systems Analysis (or ECI 273)
WSC 215 - Advanced Topics in Water and Soil Chemistry
WSC 217 - Hydrochemical Models
WSC 222 - Hydrochemical Models
WSC 250 - Advanced Soil Physics
WSC 254 - Modeling of Hydrologic Processes (New course, Spring 1992)
WSC 255 - Analysis of Random Fields

ATM 120 - Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Statics
ATM 121A & 121B - Atmospheric Dynamics
ATM 133 - Biometeorology
ATM 158 - Boundary-Layer Meteorology
ATM 221A & 221B  - Advanced Atmospheric Dynamics
ATM223 - Advanced Boundary-Layer Meteorology

ECI 140 & 140L - Environmental Analysis of Aqueous Systems
ECI 142L - Engineering Hydrology Laboratory
ECI 145 - Hydraulic Structure Design
ECI 146 - Water Resources Simulation
ECI 212A - Water Resources Simulation
ECI 212C - Finite Elements: Application to Fluid Problems
ECI 240 - Water Quality
ECI 244 - Environmental Quality Modeling
ECI 267 - Water Resources Management
ECI 273 - Water Resource Systems Engineering
ECI 275 - Hydrologic Time-Series Analysis
ECI 276 - Watershed Hydrology

EST 150A - Physical and Chemical Oceanography
EST 151 - Limnology

GEL 135 - Rivers of California: Geology and Land Use
GEL 153 - Geomorphology
GEL 154 - Environmental Geomorphology

GEO 106 - Aerial Photo Interpretation and Remote Sensing

HYS 230 - Introduction to Geostatistics

SSC 101 - Soil Physics

 

Subsurface Hydrology Specialization

This specialization of Hydrology considers the study of water and solute transport in soils and geologic media of the subsurface. This specialization is appropriate for students who want to study hydrogeology, groundwater hydrology, or vadose-zone hydrology. Those entering the program from non-geology programs are encouraged to take, at a minimum, GEL 105 & 105L and GEL 106.

List of Available Courses (not including core courses listed on page 3)

WSC 100 - Principles of Hydrologic Science
WSC 103 - Water Quality, Salt Control and Reclamation
WSC 104 - Plant-Water-Soil Relationships
WSC 149B & 149L - Groundwater Hydrology
WSC 200 - Hydrologic Modeling in the Vadose Zone
WSC 215 - Advanced Topics in Water and Soil Chemistry
WSC 217 - Hydrochemical Models
WSC 250 - Advanced Soil Physics
WSC 255 - Analysis of Random Fields

ECI 140 & 140L - Environmental Analysis of Aqueous Systems
ECI 146 - Water Resources Simulation
ECI 171 & 171L - Soil Mechanics
ECI 174 - Environmental Geotechnology
ECI 176  - Geotechnical Modeling
ECI 212A - Finite Element Procedures in Applied Mechanics
ECI 212C - Finite Elements: Application to Fluid Problems
ECI 266A & 266B - Applied Stochastic Methods in Engineering
ECI 272A & 272B - Advanced Groundwater Hydrology
ECI 275 - Hydrologic Time-Series Analysis
ECI 276 - Watershed Hydrology
ECI 283 - Physicochemical Influences and In-Situ Evaluation of Soil Behavior

ETX 101 - Principles of Environmental Toxicology

GEL 105 & 105L - Structural Geology
GEL 106 - Ancient Environments
GEL 115 - Geochemistry
GEL 117B - Geophysics: Seismology and Heat Flow
GEL 124 - Sedimentary Petrology
GEL 134 - Environmental Geology and Land Use Planning
GEL 153 - Geomorphology
GEL 154 - Environmental Geomorphology
GEL226 - Advanced Sedimentation and Sedimentary Petrology
GEL250 - Advanced Geochemistry Seminar

HYS 220 - Numerical Modeling of Groundwater Systems
HYS 230 - Introduction to Geostatistics
HYS 240 - Multiphase Flow in Soils

SSC 101 - Soil Physics
SSC 111 - Geomicrobiology
SSC 201 - Transport Processes in Soils
SSC 211 - Advanced Soil Microbiology

 

Water Resources Management Specialization

This specialization of Hydrology considers the study of allocation and management of water resources as related to the economic, institutional, physical, chemical, and biological constraints on the circulation and quality of surface and subsurface waters. This specialization is at the interface between scientific hydrology and the legal/economic aspects of civilization.

List of Available Courses (not includim: core courses listed on page 3)

WSC 100 - Principles of Hydrologic Science
WSC 103 - Water Quality, Salt Control and Reclamation
WSC 104 - Plant-Water-Soil Relationships
WSC 122 - Biology of Running Waters
WSC 149B & 149L - Groundwater Hydrology
WSC 154 - Water and Related Resource Allocation from Economic Principles
WSC 200 - Hydrologic Modeling in the Vadose Zone
WSC202 - Evapotranspiration
WSC 206 - Water Resources Systems Analysis (or ECI 273)
WSC 222 - The Biology of Streams
WSC 254 - Modeling of Hydrologic Processes (New course, Spring 1992)

AGE 148 - Economic Planning for Regional and Resource Development
AGE 176 - Economic Analysis in Resource Use

ECI 140 & 140L - Environmental Analysis of Aqueous Systems
ECI 142L - Engineering Hydrology Laboratory
ECI 145 - Hydraulic Structure Design
ECI 146 - Water Resources Simulation
ECI212A - Finite Element Procedures in Applied Mechanics
ECI 212C - Finite Elements: Application to Fluid Problems
ECI 240 - Water Quality
ECI 267 - Water Resources Management
ECI 268 - Public Works Management
ECI 269 - Water Supply and Hydro Power Planning
ECI 270 - Advanced Water Resources Management
ECI 271 - Water Resources Planning Laboratory
ECI 273 - Water Resource Systems Engineering
ECI 275 - Hydrologic Time-Series Analysis
ECI 276 - Watershed Hydrology

EST 150A - Physical and Chemical Oceanography
EST 151 - Limnology
EST 162 - Recreation Policy Analysis
EST 171 - Environmental Planning

GEL 153 - Geomorphology
GEL 154 - Environmental Geomorphology

GEO 106 - Aerial Photo Interpretation and Remote Sensing

SSC 107 - Soil Physics

STA205 - Statistical Methods for Research

 

Irrigation and Drainage Systems Specialization

This specialization of Hydrology considers the study of water conservation and management in irrigated agriculture, innovative water distribution and application methods, energy requirements, soil-plant-water relationships, water quality, surface and subsurface drainage, seepage, wells and pumps.

List of Available Courses

WSC 100 - Principles of Hydrologic Science
WSC 103 - Water Quality, Salt Control and Reclamation
WSC 104 - Plant-Water-Soil Relationships
WSC 110 - Irrigation Principles and Practices
WSC 145 - Irrigation and Drainage Systems (same as ENA 145)
WSC 149B & 149L - Groundwater Hydrology
WSC 154 - Water and Related Resource Allocation from Economic Principles
WSC 172 - Farm Irrigation Management
WSC 200 - Hydrologic Modeling in the Vadose Zone
WSC 201 - Advanced Plant-Water Relations
WSC 202 - Evapotranspiration
WSC 206 - Water Resources Systems Analysis (or ECI 273)
WSC 215 - Advanced Topics in Water and Soil Chemistry
WSC 250 - Advanced Soil Physics
WSC 255 - Analysis of Random Fields
WSC 291 - Seminar in Water-Soil-Plant Relations and Irrigation

AGE 176 - Economic Analysis in Resource Use
AGE 253 - Linear Programming Analysis of Operational Problems

ATM 133 - Biometeorology

ECI 145 - Hydraulic Structure Design
ECI 146 - Water Resources Simulation
ECI212A - Finite Element Procedures in Applied Mechanics
ECI 212C - Finite Elements: Application to Fluid Problems
ECI 267 - Water Resources Management
ECI 272A & 272B - Advanced Groundwater Hydrology
ECI 275 - Hydrologic Time-Series Analysis
ECI 277 - Unsteady Flow in Open Channels

ENA 145 - Irrigation and Drainage Systems
ENA 240 - Infiltration and Drainage
ENA 241 - Sprinkle and Trickle Irrigation Systems
ENA242 - Surface Irrigation Hydraulics

HYS 220 - Numerical Modeling of Groundwater Systems
HYS 230 - Introduction to Geostatistics

SSC 101 - Soil Physics
SSC 122 - Salt-Affected Soils
SSC 201 - Transport Process in Soils

 

HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OPTION

The Hydrogeochemistry option provides students with a quantitative understanding of chemically-based processes in hydrogeochemical environments and complementary physical and biological processes and conditions. Through careful selection of their courses in consultation with their Faculty Advisor, students may specialize in the inorganic chemistry aspects of natural systems, the fate and transport of organic contaminants, or a combination of these two areas appropriate to the student's research, or application interests. Students interested in the inorganic aspect may study the behavior of inorganic chemical species in water and the dissolution/precipitation reactions occurring during mineralfluid interactions in the subsurface and atmosphere. Course topics would include kinetics and equilibria of geochemical reactions, movement of isotopes and soil chemistry. Students may also consider study of the transport, transformation and degradation of organic chemicals in the hydrosphere with particular emphasis on the subsurface environment.

List of Available Courses (not including core courses listed on page 3)

WSC 103 - Water Quality, Salt Control and Reclamation
WSC 149B & 149L - Groundwater Hydrology
WSC 200 - Hydrologic Modeling in the Vadose Zone
WSC 215 - Advanced Topics in Water and Soil Chemistry
WSC 217 - Hydrochemical Models

ATM 149 - Introduction to Air Pollution (same as ECI 149)
ATM231 - Advanced Air Pollution Meteorology

CHE 115 - Instrumental Analysis
CHE 124A, B & C - Inorganic Chemistry
CHE 128A, B & C - Organic Chemistry

ECH254 - Colloid and Surface Phenomena

ECI 140 & 140L - Environmental Analysis of Aqueous Systems
ECI 149 - Introduction to Air Pollution
ECI 174 - Environmental Geotechnology
ECI 240 - Water Quality
ECI 242A - Air Quality
ECI242B - Airborne Particles and Scavenging Mechanisms
ECI 244 - Environmental Quality Modeling
ECI 245 - Applied Environmental Chemistry
ECI 272A & 272B - Advanced Groundwater Hydrology
ECI 283 - Physicochemical Influences and In-Situ Evaluation of Soil Behavior

ETX 101 - Principles of Environmental Toxicology
ETX 112A & 112B - Toxicants in the Environment
ETX 132 - Chromatography for Analytical Toxicology
ETX228 - Gas Chromatograph
ETX240 - Ecotoxicology

GEL215A - Geochronology
GEL215B - Stable Isotope Geochemistry

HYS 220 - Numerical Modeling of Groundwater Systems
HYS 230 - Introduction to Geostatistics
HYS 240 - Multiphase Flow in Soils

SSC 101 - Soil Physics
SSC 111 - Geomicrobiology
SSC 201 - Transport Process in Soils
SSC 211 - Advanced Soil Microbiology
SSC 214  - Soil Mineralogy
SSC 215 - Physical Chemistry of Soils
SSC 2xx - Mineral Fluid Reactions (W. Casey)